How to protect children from heat

How to protect children from heat

High temperatures can be especially harmful for children, as they do not adapt to heat as easily as adults. The specialists of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have developed a series of recommendations to combat stress caused by heat and thus prevent the exhaustion of children.

The summer involves a change of lifestyle for children who take advantage of the holiday to play and have fun increasing their physical activity. As temperatures increase, physical exercise and insufficient consumption of liquids cause exhaustion and weakness , as well as a decrease in heart rate and dizziness. In addition, if sweat, the body’s main cooling system, fails, it increases the risk of heat stroke .”Children are at high risk for heat-related disorders because of their size and their limited ability to sweat. This is why parents should take preventive measures during the summer months, “explains Eric Small, a specialist at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York (United States) and a member of the AAP.Among the recommendations in hot times are the following:

  • Avoid children doing sports activities when the temperature exceeds 29 degrees centigrade (ºC). Also, if the thermometer passes 25 ° C, the periods of rest between one activity and another should be much longer.
  • In conditions of heat and humidity, avoid all activities that require physical effort and that last more than fifteen minutes.
  • Younger children should drink plenty of water, even when they do not feel thirsty, at least every 20 minutes.
  • Dress them in light, lightweight and absorbent clothes, and change them whenever they feel wet.
  • If you are traveling with children in very hot areas, begin to increase your physical activity at least fifteen days before so that they adapt better to the change.